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Flora in Mount Kilimanjaro

There are five major zones of fauna and flora, which are associated with specific altitude levels, and all have distinct characteristics. Due to the fact that the temperature falls about 1°C for every 200m and rainfall also decreases with an increase in altitude these zones are spaced at about 1000m intervals and there is a distinct cross over from one zone to the next. This band of vegetation completely surrounds the mountain and extends from 1800m to 2800m. It is the area that receives the most rainfall, which is about 2000mm a year and supports the greatest amount of life. Some of the more prolific trees are camphor, podocarpus, fig and other large trees. The undergrowth contains many giant ferns and Usnea (old man’s beard), as well as flowers such as impatiens, with their typical pitcher shape. Kilimanjaro is unique in that there is no bamboo zone at the end of the forest, as is the case with most other African mountains. This is probably due to the fact that Kilimanjaro is the driest of these mountains and the transition from forest to heath is strikingly sudden.

Above the forest belt the porous soils and lower rainfall result in much sparser vegetation with semi-desert conditions prevailing above 4000m. The lower slopes are heavily cultivated, in particular those to the south which receive plenty of rainfall.

We specialize in organizing safaris in Saadani National Park and beach holiday on the spice island of Zanzibar. We also operate boat transfers from Zanzibar to Saadani, Pangani, Bagamoyo, Tanga...
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Mount Kilimanjaro Safaris
Without a doubt, climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the world's greatest challenges and adventures you can ever experience. We are excited to share our experience with you and help you prepare for the adventure of a lifetime! We highly recommend that after Trekking Mount Kilimanjaro, you enrich your Tanzanian experience with a wildlife safari or a beach holiday. Contact us now.